By Nancy DeWitt and Willy Vinton
This motorcycle was built by the Cleveland Motorcycle Manufacturing Company in Ohio from 1915 to 1929. First designed for use by dispatch riders during World War I, the Cleveland became one of the most popular American lightweight motorcycles of the era. Its most remarkable feature was a little two-stroke engine mounted crossways in a cradle frame. This was a sensible arrangement for a shaft-driven motorcycle, but it required a worm gear to turn the drive through 90 degrees.