Wednesday, September 24, 2014

The Fageol Automobile: Muse for the Heine-Velox?

by Nancy DeWitt
© Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum

When researching the Fageol Safety Coach we recovered several weeks ago, I learned some interesting things about the Fageol Motors Company. The Fageol brothers built a variety of vehicles besides the Safety Coach, including tractors, a six-wheeled bus, ore trains, and trucks. Their trucks were very popular in the industry, and when Theodore Peterman purchased the company in 1938, he renamed the trucks as Peterbilts. Ring a bell?

Most interesting of all, though, was discovering that there once was a Fageol automobile. A little history: after moving to San Francisco in 1904, William and Frank Fageol acquired a Rambler dealership in Oakland, California, which eventually became the largest Rambler sales outlet in the world. It’s quite possible that the Jeffery Quad trucks sent to Alaska came from their dealership. In 1916 the brothers broke ties with Rambler, formed the Fageol Motors Company in Oakland, and began producing trucks. They also decided to develop a luxury automobile called the Fageol 100.

At first glance, their Victoria model looks surprisingly like our 1921 Heine-Velox sporting Victoria car because of its massive size, Victoria top, and radiator shape. Like the Heine-Velox, the Fageol was a west coast production. The Fageol brothers’ factory was in Oakland, while Gustav Heine built his automobiles across the bay in San Francisco.

The Fageol 100 was powered by a Hall-Scott Six overhead-cam aviation engine that developed 125 hp. This 825 cid beast puts it in the same rank with the Pierce-Arrow 66 and Peerless 60-Six as having the largest production engines ever put into American automobiles. The Heine-Velox's overhead valve V-12 Weidely engine was smaller at 390 cid and produced 115 hp. Both engines were guaranteed to power their respective cars to 100 mph; hence, the source of the Fageol 100 name.

A closer look reveals some obvious differences between the Heine-Velox and Fageol, including the latter's “dragon’s teeth” louvers on top of the hood, sloped radiator, wire wheels, and side-mount spare tires. While luxury, speed and power were selling points for both brands, Fageol Motors boasted of their cars' elegant refinements. Each radiator badge, bonnet fastener, control knob, and door handle was made of carved ivory. The mahogany floorboards sported silk and mohair carpeting, and the toolbox was also made from mahogany. Heine, on the other hand, focused more attention on his cars' innovative features, including high-and-low beam headlamps, pivoting side windows, and a cold-weather starting system. The slanted windscreen on his cars was hailed as a new feature, but note that the Fageol had the same several years prior.

Both the Fageol and Heine-Velox laid claim to being the world’s most expensive car, the Fageol selling for $12,500 in 1916 and the Heine-Velox priced at $25,000 in 1921. In today’s dollars that’s about $272,766 and $332,196, respectively. Neither car made it into production, and Gustav Heine refused to sell any of the five cars he built. The Fageol Brothers intended to produce 25 automobiles but only built two (there is debate that a third Fageol was made, but family member William Fageol says it was never assembled). Reportedly, one Fageol was accidentally driven off a pier, while the other was shipped to a doctor in Cuba.

I can't help but wonder if Gustav Heine was inspired by the Fageol 100. He had built a few Heine-Velox cars beginning in 1904, but abandoned production after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake destroyed his factory. Interestingly, these first Heine-Velox cars were the result of Heine's partnership with Elbert J. Hall, who went on to form the Hall-Scott Motor Car Company and later produce the engines for the Fageol 100 and Fageol Safety Coach.  

Heine returned to the automobile manufacturing business in 1920. Although he claims that his own factory built the coachwork for his 12-cylinder automobiles, some believe it was actually the work of Larkins and Company located just a mile away. This just happens to be the same outfit that constructed the coachwork for the Fageol automobile five years earlier. An interesting connection, but not proof that the similarities between the two brands was anything more than coincidence. What do you think?

Sources:
Calloway, Dick. “Fageol: A Higher Standard.” Wheels of Time (American Truck Historical Society), July/August 2013.
“Fageol Motors Co., Fageol Truck and Coach Co., Fageol Motors Co. of Ohio.“ Retrieved on 5 September 2014 from http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/f/fageol/fageol.htm
Greenfield, David. "The Fageol Car: A Pre-WW1 130 Horsepower Supercar." Retrieved on 5 September 2014 from http://theoldmotor.com/?p=61623
Sales literature from fageol.com
Theobald, Mark. "Heine-Velox." Retrieved on 22 September 2014 from http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/h/heine/heine.htm
Usher, Frederick A. "Fageol's Folly: An Automobile Superlative." Automobile Quarterly 22(1), 1984.


Coming to Fairbanks to see the Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum and other area attractions? Support the museum by staying right here at Wedgewood Resort. All guests receive half-price admission to the museum!

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

On the Road: Pacific Northwest Concours d'Elegance

 by Willy Vinton      
© Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum

My wife Wilma and I traveled to Washington state recently to help prepare the museum's 1917 Owen Magnetic for the Pacific Northwest Concours at the LeMay - America's Car Museum. When we arrived at Murray Motor Car in Monroe on Friday, September 5, it was obvious there was still some work to be done. A few parts had to be installed and fitted, and we needed to find minor items including leather lace for the hood, some O-rings, and leather straps. With a wave of the Murray crew's magic wand, it all came together, and then we moved on to polishing.

Next we bolted on the running boards and hood. After some minor touch up, I was able to take the car for a test drive, with Paul Murray along just in case we had mechanical problems. The car ran great and ran cool with no major issues. By 10 pm Saturday night we finally had the car loaded and secured for the ride to Tacoma.





On Sunday morning we had to get to the show field before 8 am, as the event opened to the public at 9. There were about 160 cars on the field, and 11 in our class.









I have to say that once again the show staff helping our class was great to work with, and very helpful with any needs that arose. The Owen Magnetic attracted a lot on onlookers and questions about how the car operated. Not surprisingly, we heard a lot of "Did they really have hybrids back then?"





It's always thrilling when you learn your car has won an award. To show off the Owen Magnetic's unique transmission, I drove it down to the awards holding area on gas, then finished the drive to the winner's circle on electricity. I think the folks finally understood then that the car really could run on electricity alone.




Here we are receiving the First in Class award for the Pre-1920 Brass/Antiques Class. Many thanks to the organizers who put on this great event, to the LeMay - America's Car Museum for hosting the concours, and to U.S. Bank for sponsoring it. We are also grateful to everyone who came to see the cars. The event's proceeds will support the Hagerty Education Program at the LeMay.



We are also deeply indebted to Al and Paul Murray for their outstanding skill and effort restoring the Owen to concours quality. This win speaks highly of their abilities, and we are fortunate to have them work on our cars. They are presently working on our Kelsey, so stay tuned for updates on that.








Wednesday, September 10, 2014

A Fageol Safety Coach is Rescued

by Nancy DeWitt
© Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum

Earlier this year Frances Erickson, daughter of Alaska automotive pioneer Robert Sheldon, loaned me some of her family photos to scan. Among them was this one of a most unusual-looking bus, resembling a stretched-out limousine. Frances recalled that Bobby used it to transport tourists into Mt. McKinley National Park and that it was very upscale and dependable. 


Naturally, I was curious as to what kind of bus this was. I found a second photo of it in Snapshots from the Past: A Roadside History of Denali National Park and Preserve, and it clearly showed the name “Fageol” on the radiator. Thus began some internet research, which led me to John Fageol (pronounced “fadgl,” rhymes with “fragile”), a descendent of one of the brothers who founded Fageol Motors Co. in Oakland, CA. John identified it as a ca. 1924+ Fageol “Intercity” Safety Coach with a cast aluminum cowling and Gruss shocks in front. It had a seating capacity of 22 and a wheelbase of 218 inches. Each bench seat had its own door, disappearing wide window, interior light, and adjustable side and ceiling vents. A “parlor” model carried movable wicker chairs, attached to the floor by suction cups. One of these can be seen at the Museum of Bus Transportation in Hershey, PA.

It turns out the Fageol Safety Coach, the first bus built from the ground up, was quite revolutionary. Until its introduction in 1921, most buses were built on stiff-riding truck chassis, and their poor ride quality, high centers of gravity, and low-performance engines made them unsatisfactory for transit use. Fageol coaches had a double-drop frame and underslung axles, which lowered the floor to 21 inches above the ground and an overall height of just 76 inches. Power was initially supplied by a Hall-Scott single overhead cam 4-cylinder engine designed by Fageol. Each one came equipped with all-weather tread cord tires, with duals on the rear. An extra-wide tread of 72 inches between the wheels provided extra stability on turns. Beginning in 1923, Fageols were equipped with air brakes, the first use of such on a motor coach. The interior was heated by hot water from the engine, run through pipes along the floor.

Frances told me that Bobby and his partners were forced by the Park Service to close their transportation concession in 1941, and the bus was sold to the Alaska Railroad. The ARR brought it to Fairbanks, where it sat rotting in a lot on Davis Road. When I mentioned this to Willy, he said, “I remember seeing it there!” In fact, a number of people in Fairbanks remembered seeing it, but no one seemed to know of its history. Willy and I went by the lot Frances described, but it was fenced and we could see no sign of the old coach. Willy left a note on the gate, and several months later he finally heard from the owner.

Not only was the Fageol still there, but owner Diane Dawson said she would donate it to the museum! I had assumed it was black, but red paint is still present on the aluminum panels. The distinctive ventilation louvres on top of the hood—a key Fageol design feature—are intact. The Hall-Scott  engine (#44) and Brown-Lipe 4-speed gearbox with an overdrive top gear are still under the hood. The high-grade leather seats are long gone, except for some seat frames. Much of the wooden framework has rotted and the side panels have collapsed. The running board, which sits just 16 inches above the ground, is still fairly intact.

Around 2,500 Fageol Safety Coaches were built, and there are only five known survivors in addition to this one. Clearly, ours is in bad shape, but a rare artifact like this deserves to be saved. We moved it to the Fountainhead Development headquarters earlier this month, and will work to stabilize and preserve its remains, rather than try to restore it.

The Fageol buses manufactured for Safety Coach Lines of Muskegon, Michigan, were nicknamed "greyhounds" because of their gray paint and sleek appearance. One legend says this inspired the name of what became America’s most well-known bus line. 

Who would have thought an old rusty bus could be so interesting?


Sources:
 Calloway, Dick. “Fageol: A Higher Standard.” Wheels of Time (American Truck Historical Society), July/August 2013.

“Fageol Motors Co., Fageol Truck and Coach Co., Fageol Motors Co. of Ohio.“ Retrieved on 5 September 2014 from http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/f/fageol/fageol.htm

Herman, Gene. “ The Fageol Safety Coach: A Breakthrough in Bus Design.” The Old Motor, 15 January 2014. Retrieved on 5 September 2014 from theoldmotor.com /?p=111779

Juneau, Bud. “Safety Coach: Fageol’s Innovative, Trendsetting Coach of 1927.” Special Interest Autos, September/October 2001.

Coming to Fairbanks to see the Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum and other area attractions? Support the museum by staying right here at Wedgewood Resort. All guests receive half-price admission to the museum!

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Trivia Time!

by Derik Price
© Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum

Two of the most common questions we are asked by museum guests are, “Where did you buy all these vehicles?" and “Who did you buy them from?” The short answer is, we’ve traveled all over the United States and bought them from individual collectors, auctions, and museums alike. One vehicle was even purchased in the U.K. and flown to Alaska. Do you know which one?  If not, here’s a refresher… 

But being interested in the history of these vehicles, I’ve often wondered where they were all produced. It was a rainy summer, and I had some extra time on my hands so I decided to map it out. I made an iPhoto album containing one photo of each vehicle in the collection and assigned each one its original place of manufacture.  You might notice a few things about this map.  First off, it’s not weighted, meaning, there is only one pin drop in Detroit, Michigan, even though a full 27 of our vehicles were produced there. These include the manufacturers Ford, Cadillac, Cartercar, Hudson, Chalmers-Detroit, Everitt, Dodge, Chrysler, Fordson, Hupmobile, and Packard. And in case you’re curious, the runner up is Indianapolis, Indiana, with eight vehicles produced there, including the nameplates American (Underslung), Premier, Henderson, and Stutz. Rounding out the top three is Cleveland, Ohio, with five vehicles in the collection made by Peerless, Rauch & Lang, White, Cleveland (motorcycle) and Owen Magnetic.



Not coincidently, you may also notice the outlined pin drops almost precisely define the area traditionally known as “The Rust Belt" (from the Dictionary of American History, Encyclopedia.com) 
----  The 1984 Democratic presidential candidate, Walter Mondale, is generally credited with coining the term. During the campaign, Mondale, the former vice-president from Minnesota, attacked the economic policies of incumbent Republican president, Ronald Reagan, stating that the president was "turning our great industrial Midwest and the industrial base of our Country into a rust bowl."  The media, however, repeated and reported the notion as "Rust Belt," and the phrase stuck as a good description of the declining industrial heartland, especially the steel and automobile producing regions in the Northeast and Midwest ---  

And finally, for your quiz, there are two vehicles in the Fountainhead Collection whose birthplaces are not shown on the map, as they were produced outside the boundaries of this area. Can you name them? I’ll give you a hint, the two States they were produced in are each known for their rich ‘Gold Rush’ history.  

Coming to Fairbanks to see the Fountainhead Antique Auto Museum and other area attractions? Support the museum by staying right here at Wedgewood Resort. All guests receive half-price admission to the museum!